Nearly one in five of the eligible Indiana population were members. Intwo hundred Klan members set fire to saloons in Union County, Arkansas. Among the dead was Reverend Clementa Pinckney, the pastor of the church and a state senator. When Williams clung to the tree to escape his fall, one of the Klansmen hacked at his fingers with a blade, and he fell to his death.
Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons. Reflecting the social tensions pitting urban versus rural America, it spread to every state and was prominent in many cities. Anderson died when one of the men, Deryl Dedmon, ran Anderson over with his truck. Local leaders profited from expanding their membership.
They burned houses and attacked and killed black peopleleaving their bodies on the roads. The group produced publications for national circulation from its headquarters in Atlanta: Membership in the KKK skyrocketed from a few thousand to overin a mere ten months.
After the murders, it was alleged that police knew that the Klan would attack the demonstration but did nothing to protect the protesters.
The distinctive white costume permitted large-scale public activities, especially parades and cross-burning ceremonies, while keeping the membership rolls a secret. Attorney General Amos Tappan Ackerman led the prosecutions. Big city newspapers were often hostile and ridiculed Klansmen as ignorant farmers.
In outright defiance of the Republican-led federal government, Southern Democrats formed organizations that violently intimidated blacks and Republicans who tried to win political power.
It emphasized anti-Jewishanti-Catholicanti-immigrant and later anti-Communist positions. In Georgia, the number of threats and beatings was even higher. The KKK made people vote Democratic and gave them certificates of the fact. Klansman, Carpetbagger, Scalawag, and Freedman Their sentences were later commuted by George Wallace, the former governor of Alabama.
Its official rhetoric focused on the threat of the Catholic Churchusing anti-Catholicism and nativism. The Klan also grew in booming Southern cities such as Dallas and Houston. Among the "snakes" are various supposed negative attributes of the Church, including superstition, the union of church and state, control of public schools, and intolerance.
Indeed, all they had in common, besides being overwhelmingly white, southern, and Democraticwas that they called themselves, or were called, Klansmen.
Aaron nearly died from blood loss but was soon found by police, and he miraculously recovered. There were never hierarchical levels or state headquarters. Indeed, all they had in common, besides being overwhelmingly white, southern, and Democraticwas that they called themselves, or were called, Klansmen.
Internal divisions, criminal behavior by leaders, and external opposition brought about a collapse in membership, which had dropped to about 30, by In September offour members of the Ku Klux Klan used TNT to bomb a black church in Birmingham, Alabama.
Four parishioners died in the attack and twenty-two were injured. Three of the four Klan members were sentenced to life in prison, while the fourth, Herman Cash, was never charged. May 30, · Watch video · Following the Civil War, the Ku Klux Klan emerges to suppress and victimize newly freed slaves.
Disbanded after Reconstruction, the KKK returned to national prominence in the s to direct its hatred against African Americans, Catholics, Jews, and immigrants. A brief overview of 12 horrific crimes committed by the Klu Klux Klan white supremacist hate group. Middle: Ku Klux Klan blood drop.
The drop is one of the KKK’s best-known symbols. The drop is one of the KKK’s best-known symbols. For Klan members, the drop represents the blood that Jesus Christ shed on the cross as a sacrifice for the white race. Its successor as the nation’s largest Klan group, the Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, was fractured and disorganized.
The most militant activists, such as Louis Beam (see accompanying article), Robert Miles (now deceased) and Tom Metzger, left the Klan years before and assumed leadership roles in other white supremacist groups.Download