A discussion of the relationship between predator and prey

These linkages are the prime movers of energy through food chains. These results suggested that the predator-prey system was inherently self-annihilating without some outside immigration.

Prey animals make use of a variety of mechanisms including camouflage and mimicry to misdirect the visual sensory mechanisms of predators, enabling the prey to remain unrecognized for long enough to give it an opportunity to escape.

What about an underpopulation? In coral reefswhen fish such as the grouper and coral trout spot prey that is inaccessible to them, they signal to giant moray eelsNapoleon wrasses or octopuses. Genetic variations in a population increase some individuals probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.

Water flows in and out of the nostrils. The question then arose: A shark has outstanding smelling ability, but it works a bit differently. Complex Interactions in Ecological Communities Predation can have far-reaching effects on biological communities. These linkages are the prime movers of energy through food chains and are an important factor in the ecology of populations, determining mortality of prey and birth of new predators.

These are used for grasping the prey and pulling it underwater. What does a ladybug eat? Although some damage may have been inflicted during dominance fights, most bite marks probably indicate carnivore activity.

If, for instance, food supply is altered as a result of lack of prey, it will reflect on the population of predatory species, as they will find it difficult to reproduce in times of food scarcity.

Underwater noises or motion cause a vibration that strikes these open pores. This helps a predator determine how far away prey is. A shark is able to identify the different smells found in the water from 2 miles away!

As you go through these examples of predator-prey relationships, you will get a better idea of the concept and also, its importance for the environment. Another hunting weapon is poison.


A chameleon has one of the fastest tongues. How Predators Prey Predators have different weapons that are used to kill and eat prey. This activity uses a model of the Virtual Ecosystem with three species: Students then explore how the color of the rabbit population changes as the environment changes over time.

Once the cactus became sufficiently rare, the moths were also rare, and unable to find and eliminate every last plant. Syrphid hoverfly misdirects predators by mimicking a waspbut has no sting.Some examples of predator-prey relationships are lion-cape buffalo, tiger-deer, snake-frog, python-rabbit, bear-fish and cheetah-gazelle.

Predator-prey relationships exist in all habitats and ecosystems. An eagle hunts smaller birds such as pigeons and swallows.

An orca hunts seals and walruses in. Predator-Prey Relationships. STUDY. PLAY. What is a predator? Age or sex of the prey (or predator) are not taken into account 4. Assumes that every prey has one predator and every predator has one prey Interaction of ecological factors. An interaction may arise when considering the relationship among three or more.

If predator and prey have spotted each other, the prey can signal to the predator to decrease the likelihood of an attack. These honest signals may benefit both the prey and predator, because they save the effort of a fruitless chase.

Examples of Predator-Prey Relationships In the African Savannah, the most famous example of predator-prey duo will be the relationship between the cheetah―the world's fastest land animal―and gazelle. To engage students in the lesson, I show students the Eagle vs Hare video that discusses the predator and prey relationship between an eagle and a hare.

The video particularly focuses on the various evasion strategies that the hare utilizes to survive. The relationship between predators and prey is often described as the balance of nature.

A natural ecosystem does have a degree of balance — the number of plants and animals in an ecosystem tends to remain within a certain limit, which is not too great or not too small.

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A discussion of the relationship between predator and prey
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